Case Studies


More in Pediatrics

What Caused Boy in Rural Area to Develop High Fever and Hemoptysis?

Rural life has its hazards, as clinicians in China explain

Jul 17, 2023
A photo of a mother holding a thermometer and the other hand on her son’s forehead as he lays in bed.
A Young Girl's Sudden Bilateral Mydriasis and Abnormal Gait

An infection treated 2 weeks earlier may have been the culprit

Jul 10, 2023
A photo of a female physician examining a female toddlers’ eyes as she sits on her mothers lap.
Why Does This Newborn Have Brittle Hair and Parchment-Like Skin?

Genetic testing helps identify this rare autosomal recessive genodermatosis

Jun 26, 2023
A computer rendering of hair follicles.
Child Presents With Seizures and Pulsating Headaches

Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome offers an important diagnostic clue

Jun 12, 2023
A portrait of a little boy squeezing his temples
Small Spot a Source of Mysterious Abdominal Pain in Adolescent Girl

Case highlights a clinically diagnosed condition often misdiagnosed in adults and teens alike

Dec 05, 2022
A photo of a nauseous teen girl with a hand on her mouth, the other on her stomach.
What's Behind Boy's Bullous Skin Lesions After Flu Symptoms?

Mycoplasma pneumonia identified as the culprit in this case of RIME

Nov 28, 2022
A photo of a boy with reddened eyelids blowing his nose
Persistent Lymphadenopathy and Neck Abscesses in a Healthy Boy

Histopathological test results were central to ultimate diagnosis

Nov 23, 2022
Doctor examining boy’s neck.
Pebbled Skin and Excessive Hair Growth on a 5-Year-Old's Back

Just two of the multiple symptoms that began to emerge shortly after birth

Oct 24, 2022
A photo of a young boy with Hunter Syndrome.
What Caused This Infant to Develop Numerous Expanding Red Lesions?

Histopathology results trump genetic testing in pointing to the diagnosis

Oct 17, 2022
A photo of a mother holding her baby who has computer rendered red spots on his face.
Child's Treatment-Refractory Hemangioma Threatens His Vision

After four other treatment failures, what is the best option?

Jul 18, 2022
A photo of a little boy with an eye patch over his right eye.
BRAF Inhibition in Pediatric Ameloblastoma of the Jaw

Targeted therapy in 3 boys allowed for conservative surgery to restore jaw to predisease state

Dec 07, 2021
A photo of a boy holding a tablet displaying an xray of his jaw in front of his face.
What Caused Acute Encephalopathy in This Young Child?

Clinicians found 2-year-old girl barely responsive to stimuli

Nov 24, 2021
A photo of a spilled jar of gummy bears.
Teen Seeks Care for Delayed Growth Compared With His Twin

Case shows confluence of hormone therapy cost and limited resources in developing areas

Aug 02, 2021
A female nurse measures the height of a young boy.
Growth Hormone Deficiency, With a Twist

Brain MRI aids in complete diagnosis

Jul 16, 2021
A young woman scowls at a measuring tape she is holding up to measure her height.

Continuing Medical Education