Parkinson's and Plant-Based Diets; AI and Dementia; Why Do Some People Develop ALS?

— News and commentary from the world of neurology and neuroscience

Neuro Break over a computer rendering of neurons.

A healthful plant-based diet including vegetables, nuts, and tea was linked with a lower risk of Parkinson's disease in the U.K. Biobank cohort, but an unhealthful plant-based diet was not. (Movement Disorders)

A football coach learned his 25-year-old son who died had a diagnosis of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). (New York Times)

A GBA1 variant found in the genomes of people of African ancestry increased the risk of developing Parkinson's disease. (Lancet Neurology)

U.S. military veterans with traumatic brain injury (TBI) had suicide rates 56% higher than veterans without TBI and three times higher than the general population. (JAMA Neurology)

Automated pupillometry assessments helped prognosticate neurological outcomes and mortality after acute brain injury. (Lancet Neurology)

At-home wearables and machine learning captured disease progression in ALS. (Nature Communications)

Experts outlined challenges to using AI in dementia research. (Alzheimer's & Dementia)

An early trial showed deep brain stimulation targeting the dentate nucleus was safe and feasible in post-stroke rehabilitation patients. (Nature Medicine)

The FDA approved multiple generics of lisdexamfetamine dimesylate (Vyvanse) to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults and children 6 and up.

Researchers offered guidance for conducting neuromuscular evaluations of postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS). (Muscle & Nerve)

T cell–microglia signaling exacerbated Alzheimer's neuropathology in a human neuroimmune axis model. (Nature Neuroscience)

Researchers identified patterns associated with cognitive motor dissociation in patients with acute brain injury who appeared to be unconscious. (Brain)

Why do some people develop ALS? The BBC looks at the strides researchers have made to answer this question.

  • Judy George covers neurology and neuroscience news for MedPage Today, writing about brain aging, Alzheimer’s, dementia, MS, rare diseases, epilepsy, autism, headache, stroke, Parkinson’s, ALS, concussion, CTE, sleep, pain, and more. Follow